Urologic surgery refers to surgery performed on the male and female urinary tract organs and male reproductive organs. Urologic surgery is performed for cancer as well as a range of non-cancerous (benign) urologic conditions. When lifestyle changes, medication or other treatments do not help your condition, surgery is often recommended. If your doctor suggests surgery, learning about all available treatment options can help you to make the best decision for your situation and ease any anxiety you may feel about surgery. You may also want to find a doctor who specializes in the procedure and approach for your specific condition.
All surgeries carry risk, but traditional open surgery with a large incision has significant drawbacks – pain, trauma, a long recovery and risk of infection. Fortunately, less invasive surgical options are often available. The most common is conventional laparoscopic surgery. With this approach, your surgeon uses small incisions to insert long-shafted instruments to operate on the targeted organ or tissue. Laparoscopy is effective for many routine procedures, but has limits when the procedure, patient’s anatomy or condition is challenging or complex.
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The key elements in the system are the kidneys, a pair of fist-sized organs located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. The kidneys remove excess liquid and wastes from the blood in the form of urine. They keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood, and produce a hormone that helps to form red blood cells. Narrow tubes called ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder – a sack-like organ in the lower abdomen. Urine is stored in the bladder and eventually emptied through a canal called the urethra.
When any part of the urinary system is not functioning as it should, it can be due to one of several conditions, such as:
- Bladder Cancer
- Kidney Cancer
- Kidney Disorders
- Prostate Cancer